TDN Sale Details

CHTDEC
Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham December Sale
GOFDEC
Goffs December NH Sale
ARQDE
Deauville Arqana December
EASDEC
Fasig-Tipton Midlantic December Mixed
TATMA
Tattersalls December Breeding Stock
PEDIND
Indiana Fall Mixed Sale
PEDOH
Ohio Fall Mixed Sale
TATFOA
Tattersalls December Foals
TATDEY
Tattersalls December Yearlings
CANNOV
Canadian Thoroughbred Horse Society Winter Mixed Sales
DEANOV
Arqana Autumn Sale
GOFNOV
Goffs November
ARZNOV
ATBA Fall Mixed Sale
TINOCH
Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham November Sale
TATNN
Tattersalls Ireland November National Hunt Sale
SGANOV
SGA 2017 Milan Mixed Sale
TATFBR
Tattersalls Ireland Flat Foal & Breeding Stock Sale
TATIAS
Tattersalls Ireland Ascot November Bloodstock Sale
GOYHIT
Goffs UK Autumn HIT & Yearling Sale
KEENOV
November Breeding Stock Sale
FTKNOV
Fasig-Tipton November Sale
HERNOV
Heritage Place Fall Mixed Sale
OSMLNH
Osarus Sales Maisons-Laffitte National Hunt
TATAHI
Tattersalls Autumn Horses in Training Sale
GBSOCT
Goresbridge Bloodstock October Mixed
GOYRL
Goffs Open Yearling Sale
GOFHIT
Goffs Horses in Training Sale
FTKOCT
Fasig-Tipton Kentucky Fall Yearlings
IOWOCT
ITOBA (Iowa) Fall Mixed Sale
BB17
Baden Baden October Mixed Sale
AROYRG
Arqana October Yearling Sale
BAROCT
Barretts Fall Yearling and Horses of All Ages Sale
FTNMIX
Fasig-Tipton Saratoga Fall
ESLMIX
Equine Sales of Louisiana Mixed
OBSOCT
OBS October Yearlings
HEROCT
Heritage Place Thoroughbred Sale
TAOCT
Tattersalls October
TATOCT
Tattersalls October Yearling Sale (Book 1)
EASOCT
Fasig-Tipton Midlantic Fall Yearling Sale
ARARC
Arqana Arc Sale
GOFSPT
Goffs Sportsman's Sale
CANSEP
Canadian September Premier Yearling Sale
GOFOR
Goffs Orby Yearlings
TIRSEP
Tattersalls Ireland September Yearlings
ALBMIX
CTHS Alberta Division Fall Mixed Sale
DUBSEP
Racing In Dubai Sale September 2017
SGASEP
SGA Italian September Yearlings
BRCSEP
CTHS British Columbia Division Yearlings
TASAUG
Tattersalls Ireland Ascot Sale
TASAYG
Tattersalls Ireland Ascot Sept. Yearlings
KEESEP
Keeneland September Yearlings
FTKTUR
Fasig Tipton Turf Showcase
GOFFCH
Goffs Champions
GUKSEP
Goffs UK September
OSLATE
Osarus La Teste Yearlings
BBAGS
Baden Baden August Yearlings
ESLYRL
Equine Sales of Louisiana Yearlings
GOUKSI
Goffs UK Silver Yearlings
BARSEL
Barretts Selected Yearlings
GOUKPR
Goffs UK Premier Yearlings
OKCYRL
Carter Sales Company Yearlings & HRA
ARAU2
Arqana August V2
ARAV2
Arqana V.2 Yearling Sale
WASSEP
WTBOA Summer Yearling & Mixed Sale
TTAMIX
Texas Thoroughbred Yearling & Mixed Sale
MNSAUG
Minnesota Thoroughbred Association Yearlings and Mixed Sale
ARAUG
Arqana August Yearling Sale
CTHMAN
Canadian Thoroughbred Horse Society Manitoba Yearlings
RUIAUG
Ruidoso New Mexico Bred Sale
TIAUG
Tattersalls Ireland August National Hunt Sale
NCAAUG
CTBA Northern California Yearling & HRA Sale
SARAUG
Saratoga New York-Bred Preferred Yearlings
GOFAUG
Goffs UK August
FTSAUG
The Saratoga Sale
COYRL
Colorado Thoroughbred Breeders' Association Silver Cup Yearling Sale
BARJUL
Barretts Paddock Sale at Del Mar
GBSJUL
Goresbridge July Mixed Thoroughbred Sale
TATASS
Tattersalls Ascot July
FTKJUL
Fasig-Tipton July Sale
TATJUL
Tattersalls July
FTKHRA
Fasig-Tipton July Selected Horses of Racing Age Sale
JRASAL
Japan Horse Racing Association Select Sale of Yearlings and Weanlings
ARJUN
Arqana Summer Sale
TAIRDE
Tattersalls Ireland Derby Sale 2017
GOFLON
Goffs London Sale
GOJUN
Goffs Land Rover Sale
OBSOPN
OBS June 2YO & HRA Sale
PSPRIN
Indiana TB Association Spring 2YO & HRA Sale
TATIAJ
Tattersalls Ireland Ascot June Sale
TAIRCH
Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham May Sale
BBAGBZ
Baden Baden Spring Breeze-Up Sale
GUKSPR
Goffs UK Spring National Hunt Horses in Training Sale
GOFSPR
Goffs UK Spring Sale
EASMAY
Fasig-Tipton Midlantic 2YO In Training Sale
BARMAY
Barretts May Sale of Two-Year-Olds in Training & Horses of Racing Age
ARQMAY
Arqana Breeze Up Sale
EQL2YO
Equine Sales of Louisiana 2-Year-Olds in Training Sale
TATHIT
Tattersalls Guineas Breeze Up & Horses in Training Sale
GPUNCH
Goffs Punchestown Sale
OSAMAY
Osarus Breeze-Up
OBSAPR
OBS Spring Sale of Two-Year-Olds in Training
TATCHI
Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham April Sale
TATBRE
Tattersalls Craven Breeze Up Sale
GOFBRE
Goffs UK Breeze Up
TATABR
Tattersalls Ascot Breeze Up
TTAAPR
Texas Two-Year-Olds in Training
BARMAR
Barretts Select Two-Year-Old Sale
TTIMAR
Tattersalls Ireland Ascot March Sale
WAPGTR
Pegasus Two-Year-Olds and Horses in Training Sale
TATCHM
Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham Festival Sale
OBSMAR
OBS March Sale of Two-Year-Olds in Training
FTFMAR
Fasig-Tipton Gulfstream Sale
TTICHE
Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham February Sale
ARQFEB
Arqana February Mixed Sale
GOFFEB
Goffs February Sale
FTKFEB
Fasig-Tipton Kentucky Winter Mixed
TATFEB
Tattersalls February Sale
TATINH
Tattersalls Ireland February National Hunt Sale
EASJAN
Fasig-Tipton Midlantic Winter Mixed
OBSWIN
OBS Winter Mixed
GOFJAN
Goffs UK January Sale
HERJAN
Heritage Place Winter Mixed Sale
BARJAN
Barretts January Mixed Sale
KEEJAN
Keeneland January Horses of All Ages Sale

Abbreviation

Name

Order

ALBMIX CTHS Alberta Division Fall Mixed Sale Hip Price
ARARC Arqana Arc Sale Hip Price
ARAU2 Arqana August V2 Hip Price
ARAUG Arqana August Yearling Sale Hip Price
ARAV2 Arqana V.2 Yearling Sale Hip Price
ARJUN Arqana Summer Sale Hip Price
AROYRG Arqana October Yearling Sale Hip Price
ARQDE Deauville Arqana December Hip Price
ARQFEB Arqana February Mixed Sale Hip Price
ARQMAY Arqana Breeze Up Sale Hip Price
ARZNOV ATBA Fall Mixed Sale Hip Price
BARJAN Barretts January Mixed Sale Hip Price
BARJUL Barretts Paddock Sale at Del Mar Hip Price
BARMAR Barretts Select Two-Year-Old Sale Hip Price
BARMAY Barretts May Sale of Two-Year-Olds in Training & Horses of Racing Age Hip Price
BAROCT Barretts Fall Yearling and Horses of All Ages Sale Hip Price
BARSEL Barretts Selected Yearlings Hip Price
BB17 Baden Baden October Mixed Sale Hip Price
BBAGBZ Baden Baden Spring Breeze-Up Sale Hip Price
BBAGS Baden Baden August Yearlings Hip Price
BRCSEP CTHS British Columbia Division Yearlings Hip Price
CANNOV Canadian Thoroughbred Horse Society Winter Mixed Sales Hip Price
CANSEP Canadian September Premier Yearling Sale Hip Price
CHTDEC Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham December Sale Hip Price
COYRL Colorado Thoroughbred Breeders' Association Silver Cup Yearling Sale Hip Price
CTHMAN Canadian Thoroughbred Horse Society Manitoba Yearlings Hip Price
DEANOV Arqana Autumn Sale Hip Price
DUBSEP Racing In Dubai Sale September 2017 Hip Price
EASDEC Fasig-Tipton Midlantic December Mixed Hip Price
EASJAN Fasig-Tipton Midlantic Winter Mixed Hip Price
EASMAY Fasig-Tipton Midlantic 2YO In Training Sale Hip Price
EASOCT Fasig-Tipton Midlantic Fall Yearling Sale Hip Price
EQL2YO Equine Sales of Louisiana 2-Year-Olds in Training Sale Hip Price
ESLMIX Equine Sales of Louisiana Mixed Hip Price
ESLYRL Equine Sales of Louisiana Yearlings Hip Price
FTFMAR Fasig-Tipton Gulfstream Sale Hip Price
FTKFEB Fasig-Tipton Kentucky Winter Mixed Hip Price
FTKHRA Fasig-Tipton July Selected Horses of Racing Age Sale Hip Price
FTKJUL Fasig-Tipton July Sale Hip Price
FTKNOV Fasig-Tipton November Sale Hip Price
FTKOCT Fasig-Tipton Kentucky Fall Yearlings Hip Price
FTKTUR Fasig Tipton Turf Showcase Hip Price
FTNMIX Fasig-Tipton Saratoga Fall Hip Price
FTSAUG The Saratoga Sale Hip Price
GBSJUL Goresbridge July Mixed Thoroughbred Sale Hip Price
GBSOCT Goresbridge Bloodstock October Mixed Hip Price
GOFAUG Goffs UK August Hip Price
GOFBRE Goffs UK Breeze Up Hip Price
GOFDEC Goffs December NH Sale Hip Price
GOFFCH Goffs Champions Hip Price
GOFFEB Goffs February Sale Hip Price
GOFHIT Goffs Horses in Training Sale Hip Price
GOFJAN Goffs UK January Sale Hip Price
GOFLON Goffs London Sale Hip Price
GOFNOV Goffs November Hip Price
GOFOR Goffs Orby Yearlings Hip Price
GOFSPR Goffs UK Spring Sale Hip Price
GOFSPT Goffs Sportsman's Sale Hip Price
GOJUN Goffs Land Rover Sale Hip Price
GOUKPR Goffs UK Premier Yearlings Hip Price
GOUKSI Goffs UK Silver Yearlings Hip Price
GOYHIT Goffs UK Autumn HIT & Yearling Sale Hip Price
GOYRL Goffs Open Yearling Sale Hip Price
GPUNCH Goffs Punchestown Sale Hip Price
GUKSEP Goffs UK September Hip Price
GUKSPR Goffs UK Spring National Hunt Horses in Training Sale Hip Price
HERJAN Heritage Place Winter Mixed Sale Hip Price
HERNOV Heritage Place Fall Mixed Sale Hip Price
HEROCT Heritage Place Thoroughbred Sale Hip Price
IOWOCT ITOBA (Iowa) Fall Mixed Sale Hip Price
JRASAL Japan Horse Racing Association Select Sale of Yearlings and Weanlings Hip Price
KEEJAN Keeneland January Horses of All Ages Sale Hip Price
KEENOV November Breeding Stock Sale Hip Price
KEESEP Keeneland September Yearlings Hip Price
MNSAUG Minnesota Thoroughbred Association Yearlings and Mixed Sale Hip Price
NCAAUG CTBA Northern California Yearling & HRA Sale Hip Price
OBSAPR OBS Spring Sale of Two-Year-Olds in Training Hip Price
OBSMAR OBS March Sale of Two-Year-Olds in Training Hip Price
OBSOCT OBS October Yearlings Hip Price
OBSOPN OBS June 2YO & HRA Sale Hip Price
OBSWIN OBS Winter Mixed Hip Price
OKCYRL Carter Sales Company Yearlings & HRA Hip Price
OSAMAY Osarus Breeze-Up Hip Price
OSLATE Osarus La Teste Yearlings Hip Price
OSMLNH Osarus Sales Maisons-Laffitte National Hunt Hip Price
PEDIND Indiana Fall Mixed Sale Hip Price
PEDOH Ohio Fall Mixed Sale Hip Price
PSPRIN Indiana TB Association Spring 2YO & HRA Sale Hip Price
RUIAUG Ruidoso New Mexico Bred Sale Hip Price
SARAUG Saratoga New York-Bred Preferred Yearlings Hip Price
SGANOV SGA 2017 Milan Mixed Sale Hip Price
SGASEP SGA Italian September Yearlings Hip Price
TAIRCH Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham May Sale Hip Price
TAIRDE Tattersalls Ireland Derby Sale 2017 Hip Price
TAOCT Tattersalls October Hip Price
TASAUG Tattersalls Ireland Ascot Sale Hip Price
TASAYG Tattersalls Ireland Ascot Sept. Yearlings Hip Price
TATABR Tattersalls Ascot Breeze Up Hip Price
TATAHI Tattersalls Autumn Horses in Training Sale Hip Price
TATASS Tattersalls Ascot July Hip Price
TATBRE Tattersalls Craven Breeze Up Sale Hip Price
TATCHI Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham April Sale Hip Price
TATCHM Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham Festival Sale Hip Price
TATDEY Tattersalls December Yearlings Hip Price
TATFBR Tattersalls Ireland Flat Foal & Breeding Stock Sale Hip Price
TATFEB Tattersalls February Sale Hip Price
TATFOA Tattersalls December Foals Hip Price
TATHIT Tattersalls Guineas Breeze Up & Horses in Training Sale Hip Price
TATIAJ Tattersalls Ireland Ascot June Sale Hip Price
TATIAS Tattersalls Ireland Ascot November Bloodstock Sale Hip Price
TATINH Tattersalls Ireland February National Hunt Sale Hip Price
TATJUL Tattersalls July Hip Price
TATMA Tattersalls December Breeding Stock Hip Price
TATNN Tattersalls Ireland November National Hunt Sale Hip Price
TATOCT Tattersalls October Yearling Sale (Book 1) Hip Price
TIAUG Tattersalls Ireland August National Hunt Sale Hip Price
TINOCH Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham November Sale Hip Price
TIRSEP Tattersalls Ireland September Yearlings Hip Price
TTAAPR Texas Two-Year-Olds in Training Hip Price
TTAMIX Texas Thoroughbred Yearling & Mixed Sale Hip Price
TTICHE Tattersalls Ireland Cheltenham February Sale Hip Price
TTIMAR Tattersalls Ireland Ascot March Sale Hip Price
WAPGTR Pegasus Two-Year-Olds and Horses in Training Sale Hip Price
WASSEP WTBOA Summer Yearling & Mixed Sale Hip Price

ARARC - Arqana Arc Sale 2017

Hip
to
Cat.
YOB Gender Name Sire Dam Broodmare Sire Price Breeder
Consignor
Buyer
37 2014 C Poetic Dream (Ire) Poet's Voice (GB) Zain Al Boldan (GB) Poliglote (GB) 900,000 • Rabbah Bloodstock Limited
• Andreas Wohler
Astute Bloodstock / Lindsay Park
52 2014 C Darbuzan (Fr) Zamindar Darbaza (Fr) Verglas (Ire) 630,000 • 1psse 2zahra Aga Khan
• Aga Khan Studs
Chantilly Bloodstock Agency
16 2012 H Silverwave (Fr) Silver Frost (Ire) Miss Bio (Fr) River Mist 500,000 • Marie-Laure Collet, Jean Collet & Marylene Collet
• Pascal Bary
Oceanic Bloodstock
26 2014 C African Ride (GB) Candy Ride (Arg) Paiota Falls Kris S. 460,000 • Wertheimer et Frere
• Wertheimer & Frere
Stroud Coleman Bloodstock
56 2014 C Empire of the Star (Fr) Siyouni (Fr) Etoile Nocturne (Fr) Medicean (GB) 450,000 • 4 0 Gestut Hachtsee
• Andreas Wohler
Astute Bloodstock
28 2014 C Real Value (Fr) Rip Van Winkle (Ire) Rosey de Megeve (GB) Efisio (GB) 400,000 • 8m. 1berend Van Dalfsen
• Jamie Railton
Chantilly Bloodstock Agency
20 2014 F Miss Melbourne (Fr) Kentucky Dynamite Miss Alabama (Fr) Anabaa 370,000 • S.A.R.L. Jeffroy
• Antoine de Watrigant
Oceanic Bloodstock
27 2014 C Promise of Peace (Jpn) King Kamehameha (Jpn) Peace of World (Jpn) Sunday Silence 300,000
• Jamie Railton
Andreas Wohler
21 2013 F Silver Step (Fr) Silver Frost (Ire) Negra del Oro (Ger) Danehill Dancer (Ire) 225,000 • Nils-Petter Gill
• Pia Brandt
Badgers Bloodstock / BSW Bloodstock
43 2014 G Berdibek (Fr) Dark Angel (Ire) Beraviyna (Ire) Zamindar 220,000 • 1 0s.C.E.A. Haras De Son Altesse L'Aga K han
• Aga Khan Studs
Broadhurst Agency
30 2014 G Rebellito (Fr) Montmartre (Fr) Saga d'Or (Fr) Sagacity (Fr) 210,000 • 6mme 1jean-Louis Giral
• Joel Boisnard
Harold Kirk
46 2015 C Anima Rock (Fr) Shamalgan (Fr) Carnet de Bal (GB) Kingsalsa 210,000 • 1m. 1mathieu Daguzan-Garros
• Maurizio Guarnieri
Chantilly Bloodstock Agency
25 2015 F Salsa Bella (Fr) Siyouni (Fr) Katsya (Fr) Sinndar (Ire) 180,000 • Jonathan Pease
• Christophe Ferland
Mandore International Agency
13 2015 F So Hi Society (Ire) Society Rock (Ire) Lilac Mist (GB) Spectrum (Ire) 180,000 • Robert Ryan, Brendan Quinn & Joan Quinn
• Jamie Railton
Mandore International Agency
55 2013 C El Loco (Ger) Lope de Vega (Ire) Elora (Ger) Alkalde (Ger) 120,000 • Gestut Rottgen
• Markus Klug
F.B.A.
24 2013 C Nordic Dream (Ire) Dream Ahead Nyramba (GB) Night Shift 105,000 • Ammerland Verwaltung GmbH & Co.KG
• Andre Fabre
Chantilly Bloodstock Agency
19 2014 C Ming Jung (Fr) Kallisto (Ger) Muriel (Ire) Fath 100,000 • 2mme 1alexandra Renz
• Markus Klug
Debbie Mountain
17 2015 F Finess Bere (Fr) Pedro the Great Miss Fine (Fr) Kaldoun (Fr) 90,000 • S.N.C. Regnier & San Gabriel Inv Inc.
• Joel Boisnard
Bradley Thoroughbreds
48 2014 C Warring States (Jpn) Victoire Pisa (Jpn) Ciliege (Jpn) Sakura Bakushin O (Jpn) 90,000 • Shirai Stud Farm
• Railton (Agent)
Chantilly Bloodstock Agency
8 2014 C Neguev (Ire) So You Think (Nz) Lady Bering (GB) Bering (GB) 87,000 • Earl Ecurie La Boetie
• Jean-Claude Rouget
Alban de Mieulle
9 2014 C Manahir (Fr) Naaqoos (GB) Lerina (Fr) Priolo 85,000 • Erwan Robin & Mickael Robin
• Henri-Alex Pantall
Blandford Bloodstock
50 2013 C Kay Kay Boy (Ire) Kodiac (GB) Namibia (Ger) Galileo (Ire) 75,000 • SCEA Haras de Saint Pair
• Georges Mikhalides
Stephane Chevalier
53 2014 C Devamani (Fr) Dubawi (Ire) Daryakana (Fr) Selkirk 62,500 • S. C. H. H. The Aga Khan Studs
• Aga Khan Studs
Christophe Clement
57 2014 C Fuego Del Amor (Fr) Dream Ahead Femme Fatale (Swi) Feliciano (Swi) 52,000 • Erich Schmid
• Henri-Alex Pantall
Chris Richner Bloodstock
14 2012 G Ming Dynasty (Fr) King's Best Memoire (Fr) Sadler's Wells 52,000 • 1 0 Dayton Investments Limited
• Jamie Railton
Blandford Bloodstock
59 2014 C Galikeo (GB) Dansili (GB) Galikova (Fr) Galileo (Ire) 50,000 • Wertheimer et Frere
• Wertheimer & Frere
MAB Agency
2 2014 C Incampo (Fr) Campanologist Indian Cat (Ire) One Cool Cat (25,000) • 4 0 Appapays Racing Club
• Henri-Alex Pantall
RNA
3 2014 G Isidor Bonheur Yes (Fr) Sageburg (Ire) Isarnixe (Ger) Banyumanik (Ire) (80,000) • 3m. 1bertrand Lefevre & 1 0ecurie Vapore tto
• Didier Guillemin
RNA
36 2014 F Diablesse (GB) High Chaparral (Ire) Vraiment Rouge (Fr) Red Ransom (90,000) • Wertheimer et Frere
• Wertheimer & Frere
RNA
40 2013 C Nice to See You (Fr) Siyouni (Fr) Around Me (Ire) Johannesburg (90,000) • 1m. 1joseph Hayoz
• Robert Collet
RNA
31 2014 G Argentic (Fr) Kendargent (Fr) Soft Lips (GB) Rahy (100,000) • Wertheimer et Frere
• Wertheimer & Frere
RNA
54 2014 G Yuman (Fr) Literato (Fr) Dianaba (Fr) Diktat (GB) (105,000) • 1m. 1mathieu Daguzan-Garros & 1m. 1jean- Claude Gour
• Pantall
RNA
33 2012 G Subway Dancer (Ire) Shamardal Sub Rose (Ire) Galileo (Ire) (110,000) • Haras de Saint Pair SCEA
• Koplik
RNA
44 2014 C Light Pillar (Ire) Galileo (Ire) Burning Sunset (GB) Caerleon (130,000) • Niarchos Family
• Andre Fabre
RNA
45 2014 C Ajjlan (Fr) Zoffany (Ire) La Jalousie (Fr) Muhtathir (GB) (130,000) • 1m. 1emmanuel Dibatista & 2mme 1claire D ibatista
• Jean-Claude Rouget
RNA
35 2014 F Bijin (Fr) Holy Roman Emperor (Ire) Hayaku Arch (160,000) • 5m. 1guy Heald
• Henri-Alex Pantall
RNA
39 2014 F Louversey (GB) Arcano (Ire) Albisola (Ire) Montjeu (Ire) (200,000) • B. Flay Thoroughbreds Inc
• Philippe Sogorb
RNA
22 2014 C Galipad (GB) Galileo (Ire) Never Green (Ire) Halling (200,000) • Wertheimer et Frere
• Wertheimer & Frere
RNA
29 2015 F Bonita Fransisca (Fr) Pedro the Great Siendra (Ire) Refuse To Bend (Ire) (220,000) • Mario Genovese
• Andrea Marcialis
RNA
12 2014 F Normandel (Fr) Le Havre (Ire) Lidana (Ire) King's Best (280,000) • 2 0s.A. Franklin Finance
• Pia Brandt
RNA
6 2015 C Rimini (Fr) Elusive City Kelty in Love (Fr) Keltos (Fr) (350,000) • 2mme 1julia Rusu
• Christophe Ferland
RNA
18 2015 C Francesco Bere (Fr) Peer Gynt (Jpn) Monatora (Fr) Hector Protector (400,000) • 1 0s.A.S. Regnier & 2m. 1francois Regnie r & 3m. 1teddy Regnier
• Didier Guillemin
RNA
5 2014 F Aladdine (GB) Naaqoos (GB) Katerini (Fr) Cacique (Ire) (440,000)
• Frederic Head
RNA
42 2014 F Ashiana (Ger) Mastercraftsman (Ire) Ashantee (Ger) Areion (Ger) (1,200,000)
• Jamie Railton
RNA